Monday, April 27, 2015

Well duh!

Marian Pierre-Louis and I work together at Legacy. She just wrote a GREAT article for our Legacy News blog.  When I read it I was a bit embarrassed because I had never thought to create a form to take with me to a repository.  Her article, Navigate Local Town Hall Research, focuses on town records (it’s a New England thing) but you can easily adapt this to any other repository.  I live four miles from the Columbia County courthouse and I see great potential here.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Friday, April 24, 2015

Negative search

Here is a great reason why you want to document your negative searches.   Images of the record set Mississippi, Enumeration of Educable Children, 1850-1892; 1908-1957 are on FamilySearch but the records are not indexed.  I just visually scanned every name on 370 images one by one for Marion County 1892. Believe it or not, that is actually a small image set.   I don’t want to do that again.  I ALWAYS document any negative search so that I don’t accidentally redo what I have already done.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Wednesday, April 22, 2015


There are three people in my file that are supposedly named “Angerone” but so far I can’t find this exact spelling for any of them.

It starts with Silas Simmons and his wife Janet who had a daughter named “Mary Jane Angerone Simmons”  (abt 1820-aft. 1870). This name was documented in a family history written in the 1950s (no source).  Family Lore is that Silas Simmons had a Bible that named all of his children but no one that I have spoken to in the past 22 years has every seen this Bible nor have they actually spoken to anyone that has seen this Bible. They only “heard” about it. A lot of people have this complete name in their file but no evidence to support it.  All I can prove is that her name was Mary and she was my 2nd great-grandaunt.  Here are the records I have.

1830 census no name, listed as a white female age 5 to 9
1840 census no name, listed as a white female age 20 to 29
1850 census Mary Simmons
1860 census Mary Simmons
1870 census Mary Simmons

In 1870 Mary was 50, unmarried, and living with one of her brothers. I can’t find her in the 1880 census.  It is more likely that she had died and not married.  I haven’t been able to find a grave marker for her though I am guessing she is buried in the Simmons Family Cemetery in Baylis, Marion County, Mississippi since she was last known to be living with her brother John and that is where he and his family are buried.  With the available data it is a pretty big leap of faith to say that her full name was Mary Jane Angerone Simmons.

Mary had a sister named Nancy who married John Gillespie.  They had a daughter named Angerone Alice Gillespie (1848-1922).  Though I don’t have her name as “Angerone” I am certainly a lot closer than I was with Mary.  Nancy could have easily named her daughter after her sister so it is still possible.

1850 census Angerona Guluspie
1860 census Angeroney Galaspie
1870 census Angie Gillespie
1880 census A. A. Helpman
1900 census Angie A. Helpman
1908 Civil War pension index
waiting for actual file to arrive
Angee Helpman
1910 census Angie Helpman
1915 son Irvin’s death certificate A. A. Gillespie
1920 census unable to locate
1922 death certificate Angie Alice Helpman
1922 grave marker Angie Alice Helpman
Angie’s husband and the rest of her children died before death certificates were required so I can’t look for her name there other than one daughter that I haven’t been able to track past 1900.  I am still working on her.
Mary and Nancy had a great niece name “Angerone” Simmons (1884-1960).  This is through their brother James and then his son William.  At least I get something close.
1900 census Anjaronie Simmons
1910 census Angie Nichols
1920 census Angie Nichols
22 Mar 1928 in the Hattiesburg American Angie Nichols
18 Apr 1929 in the Hattiesburg American Angie Nichols
1930 census Angie Nichols
24 May 1930 in the Hattiesburg American Angie Nichols
1940 census Angie Nichols
07 Jul 1948 in the Hattiesburg American Angie Nichols
22 Jul 1959 in the Hattiesburg American Angie Nichols
1960 death certificate Angie Simmons Nichols
1960 obituary Angie Simmons Nichols
1960 grave marker Angie S. Nichols

This Angie only had one child.  I can’t get his death certificate because it is too recent and I am not a direct descendant of his.  His obit doesn’t mention Angie. I have requested a copy of Angie’s delayed birth certificate (I am hoping she has one) from the Mississippi State Department of Health.

So why is this so important to me?  It just is.  I feel as though a person’s name identifies them and I want to get it right.  I know of course that sometimes this isn’t possible but that doesn’t mean I won’t try.

The closest I have to Angerone is Angerona, Angeroney and Anjaronie.  So is Angerone even a valid first name?  When I do an exact name document search (not trees) on and FamilySearch I do get quite a few hits for women named Angerone (along with some variations).

Angerona was the name of a Roman goddess.  I doubt if a family living in rural Mississippi in the 19th century would have named a child directly after a Roman goddess but the name was out there.  Maybe they heard it and liked it, who knows.  There is also a couple of species of butterfly that have Angerona in their name (most likely named after the goddess). 

I will probably never prove Mary’s name but I might have some luck with the two Angies. At this point I am leaning toward Angerona since the second woman in the list had this as a variation.  So do any of you have an Angerona\Angerone in your family tree or any information about this unusual name?

*All sources available upon request.  I was too lazy to type them all.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Monday, April 20, 2015

The blog is back!

I took an entire month off.  I wasn’t planning on taking that much time but it just sort of worked out that way. So what have I been doing?  Well, I work for Legacy full time so that does keep me pretty busy.  I am also in the middle of mentoring GenProof Study Group 40 which is going very well.  I finished Warren Bittner’s Reading German I course and I am in the middle of Reading German II though the Virtual Institute of Genealogical Research and I am also taking German: Emigration Records though the National Institute for Genealogical Studies.  I am trying to fill in some holes in my German education. 

I am still trying to finish going though my documents and getting everything scanned.  New documents keep coming in and sometimes I feel like I will never get it all done.  I have two more plastic containers to get through.  I took everything out of my binders  and put them in plastic boxes.  After I scan a document, double check what I have entered in my genealogy file, and link the document in Legacy, I put the document back in the correct binder.  I am at about 80% complete which is pretty good.  So far I have been at it for close to a year and a half.  I have been collecting documents for over 20 years so I have a lot.

I am looking forward to finally having a real office.  My daughter Kelly got married a few weeks ago and she will be moving out on May 9th to join her husband in Alabama.  I will be taking over her bedroom.  People post pictures of their offices in the Organized Genealogist Facebook group and I have been getting from inspiration from them.  In 20+ years I have never had an office.  That’s what happens when you have five children.

I took on a client case.  I haven’t done any client research in a while because I just stay so busy with everything else but this one was very intriguing and I couldn’t help myself.  This is a pretty straightforward case so I am hoping to wrap it up in a timely manner.  I am trying to prove or disprove some family lore which is one of my favorite things to do.

Other than that, not much.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Friday, March 20, 2015

Projects, projects and more projects

I have several things going on right now with approaching deadlines so I will be off the blog for a bit.  I received a lot of data this week and I need to get everything processed and analyzed.

On April 6th a new MPG Study Group will be starting which I will be mentoring.  I am very excited about it.  Leading a group helps me keep my GPS skills sharp.  Hopefully there will be some blog readers in the group.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis 

Wednesday, March 18, 2015

The olden days–Part II

We used to do everything on paper so you had to be VERY organized.  I followed the system recommended by the Family History Library.  You can still read the instructions HERE.  This is exactly how I had my files set up.  This system worked very well if you concentrated on your direct lines.  Once you went off on tangents (collateral lines) you had a problem.  I ended up going with a 5th color, purple, for any collateral lines I was researching.  It worked.  I kept my purple files completely separate from my four main lines.

Each folder had a Family Group Sheet, Research Calendar, and a Correspondence Log, all filled out by hand and in pencil.  Behind that you would keep all of the documents you found.  You would also have your research notes in here (the stuff that didn’t fit on the research calendar) as well as composed biographical information.  Your pedigree chart would be in the very front of each surname section, also filled in by hand and in pencil.   The original instructions did not include any mention of computers.  In this 2001 revision it does say you can print Family Group Sheets and Pedigree Charts using a computer.

I remember when I first got Family Tree Maker in about 1996.  At that time it was owned by Brøderbund.  It was hard for me to let go of my very organized paper files.  It took me several years before I gave them up completely. In 2005 I switched to Legacy Family Tree and as they say, the rest is history. 

I have a friend who still does everything on paper.  She is the most organized person I know.  When I see her penciled-in charts I get a little nostalgic.  it does bring back some good memories.

If you look at the FamilySearch Guide – Organizing Your Paper Files Using File Folders again,  scroll down to Tip 7 – Locality Files.  I LOVED these.  My locality files were the last thing to go.  I finally got them switched over to the computer about 2 years ago.  I now have all of that information in Evernote.  It is much easier to keep the information current.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Tuesday, March 17, 2015

The olden days

Kerry Scott (Clue Wagon) posted this photo on Facebook and boy did it open up a great conversation!

Copyright © 2015 Kerry Sandberg Scott, used with permission


I remember how excited I was when the 1880 census was released on CD by the Family History Library. It was actually a binder containing 56 CDs!   Before that I had to go to the library in downtown Tampa and look at the census index books and then pull the microfilm and then try and find my family.  These CDs were a godsend because they were also indexed.  For the first time ever I could sit at home and look at census records at my leisure, at least for this one census year.  I also bought various other record sets on CD from Family Tree Maker and before that, Broderbund.  Almost all of these were simple indexes or abstracts. I was THRILLED to get these indexes and abstracts on CD. Getting original records wasn’t nearly as easy to do back then.  This was before anything was available online. 

I was able to order microfilm at my local Family History Center.  In the picture you will see the way we used to access the card catalog.  You would order an index film, wait four weeks for it, find your family on the index, order the actual film you needed, wait another four weeks, and then finally you would have a single marriage license. You would repeat that process for every single document you needed. If you found multiple documents for your family on a single microfilm you would throw a party. 

You haven’t lived until you have hand cranked microfilm for 4-6 hours at a time.  I used to leave the library with a splitting headache. Back in those days there were no microfilm readers with automatic anything and you certainly couldn’t hook your computer or a flash drive up to it.  If you were lucky enough to score the one microfilm reader that could do copies you could print pages, if not, you did it the hard way, you hand wrote everything into a notebook.  Oh yes, this was before digital cameras.

You could also write to repositories to get record.  This wasn’t quite as easy as it sounds.  You would have to type up a nice letter, guess on how much money you should enclose, and then wait, and wait, and wait.  You had to keep close track on the letters you had sent out and if you didn’t get a response back you would have to send a second request.  Today we pick up the telephone and many times the transaction can be handled right on the phone thanks to debit cards. 

The only other way to get information was to travel.  With five children at home that was impossible both moneywise and logistically.  That is why indexes and abstracts on CD were so important.

So many things have changed.  Let’s just say I am happy to pay my subscriptions for online access.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Friday, March 13, 2015

I wonder what our ancestors would think

I wonder what our ancestors would think about us poking around in their private lives.   Someone living in the 18th century might be taken aback if they knew we were digging through their land and tax records learning how wealthy or poor they were.  We might uncover private letters penned in confidence and handwritten notes scrawled in their personal Bible.  What about little secrets we find that they thought would never be known.  Then again, if my ancestors were anything like me they would have purposely left intriguing clues and then stood back and laughed as we hit brick wall after brick wall.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Thursday, March 12, 2015

Genealogy Gophers

Genealogy Gophers is a searchable collection of genealogy-specific, public domain books. This website is new and still in beta but I like it a lot.  The advantage over Google Books and Internet Archive is that you don’t have to weed through all of the non genealogy stuff.  The advantage over FamilySearch Books is that it has a better search engine.

I did several searches related to my current project.  I had already done searches at the other sites.  The list of hits was much more meaningful and easier to sort through.  Right now they have 40,000 books online and they are planning to add 60,000 more.

When you click on one of the hits to see the actual page from the book a short survey thing will pop up.  You can skip the survey to get to the page.  A bit annoying but tolerable.  Don’t forget it’s free.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Wednesday, March 11, 2015


In the last few days there have been several posts on the Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness Facebook Page about the word Miss. There are people that don’t recognize this word because in older documents it is written with an old style double S. You will commonly see this on marriage records and it gives you a clue that the woman was not previously married. Here are some examples from my files.






When I have a woman specifically referred to as Miss or Mrs. I record that name as an AKA.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Tuesday, March 10, 2015

Start interviewing

This past week was a rough one.  Several elderly people that I know died and another one is close to death.  You need to interview your elderly relatives before it is too late.  Once they are gone their stories are lost forever.

Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Monday, March 9, 2015


Find My Past had a free weekend so I played in their records a bit. It amazes me that there are documents this old that are still in good shape. Here is page from a 1547 Westminster church book. Look at that old English writing!


I don’t have a subscription to Find My Past because their focus is on UK records and my personal focus is Central Europe. There is one thing that Find My Past has that IS of interest to me and that is PERSI (Periodical Source Index). The Allen County Public Library has the largest collection of genealogical periodicals in the world. If you find an article of interest in PERSI you can then order the full article from the library. used to have PERSI but they took it down. Heritage Quest still has it and that is what I use because I can access Heritage Quest free though Galileo but it isn’t being updated. Find My Past is not only updating PERSI they plan to put the actual images of the articles online so that you don’t have to order them any more. This is a major undertaking and I am guessing it will take several to many years to accomplish. I would probably get a limited subscription once they accomplish this.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Friday, March 6, 2015

New England Historic Genealogical Society

I broke down and joined the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS).  Most of my research is in the south but occasionally I stray up to New England like I am in my current project.  I am trying to broaden my knowledge and belonging to a society like this will help me.  Back in 2012 I wrote a blog post explaining Why should I join a Genealogical Society.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Thursday, March 5, 2015

A interesting find in an unexpected place

A friend of mine asked me about the availability of records for Central State Hospital in Milledgeville, Georgia.  I have only done asylum research in Mississippi, South Carolina and Arizona so I wasn’t familiar with the laws governing the records (privacy) in Georgia nor if there are any records still in existence for Central State from that time period.  I told her that even if there are strict privacy laws normally the admission and discharge records are public record and if they exist the Georgia Archives should have them.  One of my favorite Georgia genealogists, Paul K. Graham, saw the question and piped up.  It just so happens that the admission registers do exist.  They are available at the Georgia State Archives from 1842 through 1924. Paul extracted the first 20 years and published them.  Paul is the author of several great Georgia genealogy books so I knew I would have to add this one to my collection.

Admission Register of Central State Hospital, Milledgeville, Georgia, 1842-1861

As far as I knew, I had no one in my file that had been admitted to this hospital but I had to have the book anyway.  I got it in the mail and guess what I found, a name I recognized.  This book is great.  Paul included the entire paragraph of why the person was admitted.  Such interesting information.  He not only included a name index but a location index.  It was easy to look up everyone that was admitted from Columbia County.  I was surprised to see the number of people that were admitted from out of state.  Some of your missing relatives might have ended up in Georgia. I am hoping Paul does a sequel for 1862-1924.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis


Wednesday, March 4, 2015

Research in New England

I have to admit I am a little jealous of genealogists that get to do most of their research in New England because the records there are amazing.  You just don’t have this sort of thing in the south.  Here is a birth register entry from 1724.


MarthaTolland, Connecticut, Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1: 37, Mary Starnes birth, 1724; FHL microfilm 1,376,026 Item 1.


I could get addicted to New England town records but alas, sweet Martha migrated with her husband Daniel to Georgia.  Daniel was born in 1706 in Windsor, Connecticut and I have his birth register entry as well. 


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Something I found in German records

I update Legacy’s Research Guidance with new record sets and as I am adding them I sometimes find records sets I had no idea existed or sets that surprise me in some way.  Today I added

Germany, Brandenburg, Bernau bei Berlin, Jewish Records, 1688-1872

Did you know that Germany has been keeping separate Jewish records since at least 1688?  I certainly didn’t.  Here is a page from 1757.



Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Monday, March 2, 2015

Public trees vs. private trees

If you are a member of any genealogy Facebook group you are bound to have heard the public vs. private tree debate.  Every couple of weeks it will get started again.  Here is my short and sweet response.

  • A person has the right to make their tree public or private.  He/she is under no obligation to hand over their research to you on a silver platter.
  • The person has the right to ignore your pleas for more information if they want to.  It might be a tad rude but certainly not illegal.  There are a lot worse things going on in the world.
  • Bottom line, you shouldn’t be relying on online trees for your research.  Sure, I look at online trees but I don’t get whacked out when there are no sources, the data is totally wrong, the tree is private, or the person doesn’t answer my emails.  I used to get a little peeved but not any more.  It just isn’t worth the aggravation.  It is what it is.  Instead, do your own research.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Friday, February 27, 2015

My process

I have had several people ask me what my process is when I get a new document.  I follow this sequence of events for every document I receive.  Since I do it the same way every time I don’t miss anything.

1) I scan the document and save it to my hard drive.  I put a complete source citation in the metadata of the image.  I have a consistent file naming system than I use so I can find any document I need very quickly.

2) If this is a document that I found online I do not make a paper copy.  If this is a document that I had to get from a repository/courthouse I put it in a sheet protector and I label both the document and the sheet protector with a complete source citation.

3) I transcribe and abstract the document.  I don’t do this for every document (yes, I know I should).  I use Transcript to make it a bit easier.

4) I extract the information into Legacy and attach a source citation to each entry.  This is a little more involved than it sounds because if there are any conflicts I have to address those conflicts. 

5) I then link the document to the appropriate place in Legacy. Where I link it depends on what sort of document it is. 


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Good news bad news

The bad news is, Kiokee Baptist Church’s earliest records from 1790-1832 no longer exist.  The good news is, they were microfilmed before they were destroyed.  The bad news is, there are only two copies of the microfilm in existence.  The good news is, one of the copies is at Mercer University in Macon.  The bad news is, these records have not been transcribed, abstracted or indexed and they need to be.  The good news is, Mercer will release the film via interlibrary loan and the Columbia County, Library has a microfilm reader with a flash drive so I can download the images.  The bad news is, it will probably take me quite some time to abstract everything. The good news is I will have the images at home so I can do them a little at a time.

Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

Original wills

When you see a will recorded in a county will book do you also check the loose probate packets?  After the person died the executor brings the original will to the courthouse to be proved.  The original witnesses (if still able) sign affidavits swearing to the validity of the will.  The copy that the executor has is the one the deceased actually wrote (or his agent wrote for him).  This will is filed with the loose papers and is separate from the Will Book where the clerk made a handwritten copy of the will.

My person of interest’s will was recorded in the county will book.  Some time after that the will book was damaged and an inch or so of the right side of the paper is missing.  I found the original will in the loose probate packets, intact. Another thing the original has that the clerk’s copy doesn’t are the original signatures.

I have another example where there wasn’t a will in the will book and it appeared as though the person died intestate.  I found the will in the loose probate packets.  Apparently the will was never recorded in the will book by the probate clerk but was presented after the person died for probate.


Copyright © 2015 Michele Simmons Lewis